Tomcat Manually install in Debian and Ubuntu (Without apt-get method)

First download apache tomcat

wget http://www-eu.apache.org/dist/tomcat/tomcat-7/v7.0.76/bin/apache-tomcat-7.0.76.tar.gz

Decompress the downloaded apache tomcat:

tar zxvf apache-tomcat-7.0.76.tar.gz

Now move the decompressed file in the following location:

mv apache-tomcat-7.0.76 /opt/tomcat

Install java

apt-get install default-jdk

Set the environment variables in .bashrc:

nano ~/.bashrc

Add the following lines to the end of the file:

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/default-java
export CATALINA_HOME=/opt/tomcat

Simply save and exit .bashrc, then make the changes effective by running the following command:

. ~/.bashrc

To start Tomcat, run the following script:

$CATALINA_HOME/bin/startup.sh

You should get a result similar to:

Using CATALINA_BASE: /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_HOME: /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /opt/tomcat/temp
Using JRE_HOME: /usr/lib/jvm/default-java
Using CLASSPATH: /opt/tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar:/opt/tomcat/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
Tomcat started.

Test through web browser by the address:

http://locahots:8080

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